Paul Franz

November 30, 1876 Paris – April 20, 1950 Paris

Picture of Paul Franz
Franz was born François Gauthier. He changed his family name to Franz because of the tenor Jules Gautier who was already known in France. Some references cite that Jules Gautier was really Franz Gautier, but that's wrong.

Franz worked first for the railroad. After being refused by the Paris conservatory, he took lessons with Louis Delaquerrière in Paris. Musica organized in 1908 a tenor competition, and Franz received the first prize.

His debut was as Lohengrin in Nantes in January 1909, and as a result, he made his debut at the Opéra on February 1, 1909 as Lohengrin.

His career at the Opéra evolved as follows:
1909, Samson et Dalila (Samson), Sigurd (Sigurd), Roméo et Juliette (Roméo), Faust (Faust), Tannhäuser (Tannhäuser)
1910, La damnation de Faust (Faust), La Walkyrie (Siegmund on December 10 with Bréval, Bourdon, Maty, Lequien, Journet, Messager), Aida (Radames)
1911, Les maîtres chanteurs de Nuremberg (Walther on February 17 with Gall, Daumas, Delmas, Campagnola, Rigaux, Journet, Delmas, Cerdan, Messager), Le Cid (Rodrigue)
Then Le prophète (Jean on February 26, 1912 with Lapeyrette, Comes, Journet, Gresse, Vidal), Tristan et Isolde (Tristan, 1913), Le vieil aigle (Toloik on May 13, 1914 with Vally, Renaud, Rey, Catherine), Patrie (Karloo on December 7, 1916 with Bréval, Campredon, Delmas, Gresse, Busser), Messidor (Guillaume on February 22, 1917 with Lapeyrette, Gall, Delmas, Plamondon, Noté, Ruhlmann), Otello (Otello on January 23, 1919 with Bugg, Lapeyrette, Dubois, Vigna), Monna Vanna (Prinzevalle, 1919), Salamnbô (Mathô on May 21, 1919 with Chenal, Laute-Brun, Lafitte, Renaud, Delmas, Noël, Ruhlmann), Les huguenots (Raoul, 1925), Le crépuscule des dieux (Siegfried on March 2 1925 with Demougeot, Cros, Lapeyrette, Carbelly, Duclos, Delmas, Gaubert), Siegfried (Siegfried on October 11, 1926 with Montfort, Bourdon, Haramboure, Delmas, Fabert, Duclos, Narçon, Gaubert), La Juive (Eléazar on April 3, 1933 with Hoerner, Guyla, Huberty, Rambaud, Calverie, Froumenty, Ruhlmann).

At the Opéra, he created PARSIFAL (Parsifal on January 4, 1914), JEANNE D'ARC (Dumois on November 24, 1917), HÉLÈNE (Pâris on January 20, 1919), LA LEGENDE DE SAINT CHRISTOPHE (Auférus on June 6, 1920), ANTAR (Antar on March 14, 1921), LES TROYENS (Enée on June 10, 1921), HERODIADE (Jean on December 22, 1921), LA FILLE DE ROLAND (Gérald on October 27, 1922), PADMAVATI (Ratan-Sen on June 1, 1923), LE JARDIN DU PARADIS (Le prince on October 29, 1923), ESCLARMONDE (Chévalier Roland on December 24, 1923), ESTHER PRINCESSE D'ISRAEL (Mardochée on April 28,1925), L'ÎLE DÉSENCHANTÉE (Solnek on November 19, 1925), SALAMINE (Xerxès on June 17, 1929), and LA TENTATION DE SAINT ANTOINE (Satan on May 8, 1930).

He retired from the Opéra in 1938.

Franz made guest appearances in Monte Carlo (1922 and 1923 in the world premiere of Raoul Gunsbourgs Lysistrata),
Bruxelles (Season 1925/6), Ghent (Season 1930/1),
Verviers (act 1 of La Walkyrie),
Covent Garden (1910–14 as Radames, Samson, Raoul, José, Julien), Marseille,
Scala in Milan (February 25, 1910 as Samson with Rabaud, Lapeyrette, Vanni-Marcoux),
Colón in Buenos Aires (1918: Samson et Dalila on May 26/28/30-June 05/30-July 20/29-August 19, sharing with Catullo Maestri; Faust on June 15/19/22/29-July 17, sharing with Charles Hackett; Aida on June 28-July 04/05/09/14/31-August 03/23/25, sharing with Aureliano Pertile; Roméo et Juliette on July 09/14/27; Norma on July 16/19/22/24/28-August 07/09/16/21/26, sharing with Catullo Maestri; Louise on July 21/23/28/31-August 06, sharing with Aureliano Pertile; Hérodiade on August 07/08),
Antwerp, Rome (1916), ...

After retiring, Franz taught singing at the Paris conservatory. He was also a composer (ballet "L'orchestre en liberté"), and translated German lieder by Schubert and Schumann into French.

Paul Franz sings Die Walküre: Plus d'hiver
In RA format

Paul Franz sings Siegfried: Nothung! Nothung! Glaive rêvé
In RA format

Paul Franz sings La damnation de Faust: Nature immense
In RA format

Paul Franz sings La fille de Roland: La France, dans ce siècle
In RA format
Discography

Gramophone
16920u    Samson et Dalila (Saint-Saëns): Arrêtez, ô mes frères (75)      4-32274, DA442
02158v    Lohengrin (Wagner): Récit du Graal                              032212, DB521
02198v    Roméo et Juliette (Gounod): Salut, tombeau                      032227, DB520
02233v    Aida (Verdi): Ô céleste Aïda                                    032238
02234v    Carmen (Bizet): La fleur                                        032239, DB520
02377v    Roméo et Juliette (Gounod): Ah, lève-toi, soleil                032244
02378v    Sigurd (Reyer): Esprits gardiens                                032245
17200u    Sigurd (Reyer): Un souvenir poignant (75)                       4-32306
17488u    Werther (Massenet): Pourquoi me réveiller                       4-32320
02616v    Huguenots (Meyerbeer): Plus blanche                             032268
2738ah??  Walküre (Wagner): Chanson du printemps                          4-32352
2739ah    Siegfried (Wagner): Chant du glaive                             4-32353
18622u    Siegfried (Wagner): Chant du glaive                             unpublished
18623u    Walküre (Wagner): Chanson du printemps                          4-32352x
02883v    Parsifal (Wagner): Hagards nes yeux (75)                        032303
02884v    Parsifal (Wagner): Une arme seule (75)                          032302
18782u    Lohengrin (Wagner): Ma confiance en toi (75)                    7-32007, DA442
02953v    Lohengrin (Wagner): Mon cygne aimé                              2-032013, DB521
02954v    Tannhäuser (Wagner): Retour de Rome, pt 1                       2-032014
02955v    Tannhäuser (Wagner): Retour de Rome, pt 2                       2-032015

Pathé
1950      Damnation de Faust (Berlioz): Invocation                        0258, 5560
1951      Cid (Massenet): Ô noble lame                                    0258, 5636
1954      Samson et Dalila (Saint-Saëns): Scène de la meule, pt 1         0259
1959      Samson et Dalila (Saint-Saëns): Scène de la meule, pt 2         0259
1949      Sigurd (Reyer): Un souvenir poignant                            0260, 5569
1957      Cid (Massenet): Ô souverain                                     0260, 5636
2032      Musique lointaine (Roubaud)                                     0264
2185      Lohengrin (Wagner): Récit du Graal                              0264
2033      Sigurd (Reyer): Esprits gardiens                                0265, 0804, 5569
2036      Roméo et Juliette (Gounod): Salut, tombeau                      0265, 0804, Act X95
2180      Siegfried (Wagner): Chant de la forge                           0266, 0822, Act X95
2184      Walküre (Wagner): Chanson du printemps                          0266
2236      Parsifal (Wagner): Une arme seule                               0272, 0822, 5560
2238      Meistersinger von Nürnberg (Wagner): L'aube vermeille           0272
????      Tannhäuser (Wagner): Retour de Rome, pt 1                       0278
????      Tannhäuser (Wagner): Retour de Rome, pt 2                       0278
2376      Tristan und Isolde (Wagner): Où Tristan va se rendre            0286
2494      Götterdämmerung (Wagner): Mort de Siegfried                     0286, 5641
2475      Lohengrin (Wagner): Les adieux de Lohengrin                     0287, 5641
2491      Soleil de France (Büsser)                                       0287
????      Fille de Roland (Rabaud): Chanson d'épée                        3162, 5655
????      Hymne à la France (Büsser)                                      3162, 5655
????      Joseph (Méhul): Vainement, Pharson, pt 1                        0427
????      Joseph (Méhul): Vainement, Pharson, pt 2                        0427
1649      Attaque du moulin (Bruneau): Adieux à la forêt                  0428
1650      Hérodiade (Massenet): Air de Jean                               0428
????      Lohengrin (Wagner): Récit du Graal, pt 1                        0429, Act X92
????      Lohengrin (Wagner): Récit du Graal, pt 2                        0429, Act X92
N250076   Lohengrin (Wagner): Scène du Graal, pt 1 (80)                   0719
N250077   Lohengrin (Wagner): Scène du Graal, pt 2 (80)                   0719
???????   Lohengrin (Wagner): Adieu, cher cygne, pt 1                     0720
???????   Lohengrin (Wagner): Adieu, cher cygne, pt 2                     0720
???????   Joseph (Méhul): Vainement, Pharson, pt 1                        0723
???????   Joseph (Méhul): Vainement, Pharson, pt 2                        0723
???????   Siegfried (Wagner): Murmures de la forêt, pt 1                  7235
??????    Siegfried (Wagner): Murmures de la forêt, pt 2                  7235
250126    Tannhäuser (Wagner): Retour de Rome, pt 1                       7237
250127    Tannhäuser (Wagner): Retour de Rome, pt 2                       7237
250097    Parsifal (Wagner): Hagards, mes yeux voient                     7238
250098    Parsifal (Wagner): Une arme seule est sûre                      7238

Columbia
WL2024-1  Fille de Roland (Rabaud): Chanson des épées                     LF23
WL2220-1  Meistersinger von Nürnberg (Wagner): L'aube vermeille           LF23
WL2344-1  Siegfried (Wagner): Nothung! Glaive rêve! (75)                  LF45
WL2345-1  Siegfried (Wagner): Chant de la forge (75)                      LF45
WL2522-1  Noël (Adam)                                                     DF253
WL2520-1  Les rameaux (Faure) (75)                                        DF255
WL2529-1  Hosanna (Granier) (75)                                          DF255
WLX642-4  Sigurd (Reyer): Le bruit des chants (75)                        LFX56
WLX1351-1 Hérodiade (Massenet): Ne pouvant réprimer (75)                  LFX56
N250242   Samson et Dalila (Saint-Saëns): Scène de la meule, pt 1         X90043
          (w. chorus)
N250243   Samson et Dalila (Saint-Saëns): Scène de la meule, pt 2         X90043
N250251   Sigurd (Reyer): Le bruit des chants                             X90048
N250252   Hérodiade (Massenet): Ne pouvant réprimer   X90048
Refrence for the discography: www.78opera.com (defunct).

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