Anton Petrovich Bonachich

January 2, 1878 Mariupol – March 22, 1933 Minsk
Anton Petrovich Bonachich was born on January 2 (14), 1878 – other sources quote January 19 (31) – in Mariupol (Ukraine) into a family of medical doctors. His father was from Montenegro and his mother Greek. He studied at a German boarding school and at a Russian classical language high school in Tallinn.

After that, Bonachich studied medicine. He took his first singing lessons at the conservatory in Kharkiv with P. Tikhonov, and then at the St. Petersburg conservatory (1898–1900) with S. Gabel for singing, O. Palechek for opera and N. Solovjov for piano and composition.

Kharkiv conservatorySt. Petersburg conservatory

During the 1900/1901 and 1902/1903 seasons, Bonachich sang at the opera in Kharkiv where the director was A. Tsereteli. He made his debut as the Demon in Rubinstein's opera – as a bass-baritone, that is! From 1902, Bonachich sang as a tenor, the first time in Tbilisi as German.

Bonachich sang in Kiev (1900 and 1904/05), Kazan (1900 and 1903), Saratov (1904), Ekaterinoslav, Tbilisi (1902), Nizhnij Novgorod and Baku (Summer 1903), in St. Petersburg (1904 at the new summer theater Olimpija). He is also said to have sung at the Mariinskij Theater in 1911, but that's most probably wrong as the chronology of the Mariinskij does not list him. Between 1905 and 1921, he was a soloist at the Bolshoj. In 1921/22, Bonachich was a soloist at the Omsk Opera, where he served also as its director and as a producer.

Omsk opera house

Bonachich successfully sang in Germany (Berlin, Neues Königliches Opernhaus, 1908, as a member of the Tsereteli Ensemble, with Evgenija Zbrueva, E. M. Davydov and Medea Mei-Figner, where he surprised everybody when he sang Sobinin and easily took three high D-flats), Italy, France and the USA (1909–1912). Supposedly, he also sang in Monte-Carlo, but if so, it was not at the Opera as Welsh's book on the Monte-Carlo Opera does not list him as having sung there.

Bonachich had a strong, extensive voice with a light upper register (very imposing in the falsetto), and was an excellent actor. Thanks to the flexibility of his voice, he could switch between tenor and baritone roles.

S. Levik wrote in his book about Bonachich: His voice did not have a nice color but it was a clever voice. He could bring a lot of colors to the interpretation of the internal life of his role. Bonachich was an excellent musician, and a master of the recitative.

Bonachich sang lyrical, dramatic and character roles with the same success, especially in Wagner's operas. He sang about 100 roles (among which about 42 baritone roles). As a tenor, he sang for example Almaviva, Alber (Skupoj ritsar by Rakhmaninov), Paolo (Francesca da Rimini by Rakhmaninov), Don Juan (Kamennyj gost/The stone guest), Vilem (Lesnoj tsar/The tsar of the wood by Suk), Sadko, Grishka Kuterma, the Astrologer, Golitsin (Khovanshchina), Leontes (Wintermärchen by Goldmark), Chopin, German (he sang the role for 20 years), Lohengrin, Siegmund (during the first performances of the opera in Moscow, where he alternated with Lev Klementyev), Loge, Siegfried (Göterdämmerung), Grigorij, Shujskij, Vladimir Dubrovskij, Lenskij, Onegin, Triquet, Mikhaïl Tucha, Tamino, Riccardo, Radames, Escamillo, José, Raoul, Nevers, Neron, Elitskij, Demon, Roméo, Werther, Fra Diavolo, Jontek, Tannhäuser, ...and Rigoletto which he sang after 1905 every now and then to save an evening.

His partners included: E. Azerskaja, G. Baklanov, M. Gay, S. Druzjakina, N. Ermolenko-Juzhina, L. Zvjagina, A. M. Labinskyj, A. Nezhdanova, V. Petrov, F. Shaljapin, E. Kupera, G. Pagani, D. Pokhitonova, S. Rakhmaninova, V. Suka, L. Steinberg ....

From 1908, Bonachich started singing operettas.

He also gave concerts where he sang gypsy romances to his own guitar accompaniment.

From 1923, Bonachich dedicated himself to teaching voice: In Omsk (1923, at the musical college), in Tomsk (1924, he was the manager of the opera class at the music school and at the same time director and conductor of the opera studio organized by the government), and in Minsk: 1928–1930, he was manager of the Opera and Solo singing Department and also of the chamber orchestra at the music college; 1930–1933, he was the leader of the vocal group of the State Studio for Opera and Ballet; 1932–1933, he was the first professor of singing at the Minsk conservatory; and from 1933 director of the Opera and Ballet Theater. for a very short time as he died on March 22, 1933 in Minsk.

After the revolution, Bonachich organized many concerts for workers, kolkhozniks and soldiers with his students.

His students included: L. Aleksandrovskaja, I. Balotsin, M. Denisov, S. Druker, V. Kalinovskij, R. Mlodek, and T. Nikitina.

In 1912, Bonachich recorded thirteen sides for Pathé (apparently only two are still to be found).

Bonachich was also a composer. Among his output were an operetta (Ostrov novennosti, 1909), romances and piano sonatas.


References:
A.M. Pruzhanskij: Otechestvennie pevtsy (Domestic singers) 1750–1917, part 1, Moscow 1991
A. M. Shampaner: The Russian theater, Kiev 1905, page 49–50
V. P. Shkafer: 40 years on the Russian stage. Souvenirs 1890–1930, Leningrad 1936, page 220
I. Belsa: S. V. Rakhmaninov and the Russian opera, 1947, page 139
S. Ju. Levik: Life of an opera singer, 2nd edition, 1962, page 63 & 237
S. Bronstein: Hero of the moment. Souvenirs of a spectator, 1964, page 29
Ju. D. Engel: With the eyes of a contemporary. Selected articles on Russian music, 1898–1918, Moscow 1971, page 175–176 & 278
A. A. Gozenpud: The Russian opera between two revolutions, 1905–1917, Moscow 1975, page 266–267
L. A. Ivashkov: Bonachich und the Belarussian opera scene, Mastatsvo Belarus Magazine, 1983/No.6, page 31–35
A. V. Lunacharskij: Belarus honoring the friendship between nations: State Conservatory, in: Historical essays, Minsk 1984, page 64
N. Grinev: Through the noise of old records, Melodija 1984/No.4, page 61–62
L. A. Ivashkov: A. P. Bonachich (monograph written on a typewriter), State Library Leningrad

Anton Petrovich Bonachich singsPikovaja dama: Prosti, nebesnoe sozdanye
In RA format

Anton Petrovich Bonachich singsPikovaja dama: Chto nasha zhizn?
In RA format
I wish to thank Ashot Arakelyan for the recording (Prosti, nebesnoe sozdanye).
I wish to thank Ildikó Végh for her help preparing this material.
I wish to thank Vladimir Efimenko for the pictures, biographical notes and recording (Chto nasha zhizn).
Discography

Pathé, Moscow 1912
21377 Sadko: Air
21378 Pskovitjanka: Tucha's aria
21379 Lohengrin: Narration
21380 Die Walküre: Liebeslied
21381 Dubrovskij: O give me oblivion
21382 Pikovaja dama: Prosti, nebesnoe, sozdanye
21383 Pikovaja dama: Chto nasha zhizn?
21384 La bohème: Racconto
21385 Marvelous dream of love (Schorning)
21386 I won't forget that dark night (Artemiev)
21387 Serenata di Nestor in Italian 
21388 Serenata in Italian (Tosti)
21389 Live flowers, live eyes (Steinberg)

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