Jean Cox

16 January 1922 Gadsden, Alabama – 24 June 2012 Bayreuth

Picture of Jean Cox as Parsifal
Picture of Jean Cox as Lohengrin
Picture of Jean Cox
Picture of Jean Cox in Die Verlobung von Santo Domingo
Die Verlobung von Santo Domingo
Cox was born in Gadsden, a town in the southern United States. His parents Kell and Nell Clark Cox encouraged his vocal talent. During the Second World War, he served as a pilot in the U.S. Air Force.

After the war, he studied singing, first with William Steven at the University of Alabama in Tuscaloosa, where he received the Bachelor of Music. More constructive studies then followed with Marie Sundelius at the New England Conservatory in Boston. After two years of study, Cox graduated with a Master of Arts with honors.

In 1951, his stage debut was at the New England Opera Boston as Lenskij. He was awarded a Fulbright scholarship to study in Rome with maestro Luigi Ricci. In 1954, he sang Rodolfo at the Spoleto Festival. Cox remained in Europe, where he began his career at various opera houses.

Privately, he studied in Munich with Max Lorenz.

During the season 1954/55, he was hired as a lyric tenor by the Kiel Opera. In the provinces, he first sang many lyric-dramatic roles, including the title role of Serse, Cavaradossi, Števa, Matteo and Lyonel. An engagement at the Staatstheater Braunschweig followed (1955–1959), where he first sang the title roles in Lohengrin and Otello.

In 1959, he was hired by the National Theatre Mannheim. He was there without interruption for nearly 40 years as a permanent member. His debut at the National Theatre Mannheim was as Alfredo. During his career, Cox sang in Mannheim almost all the tenor repertory both for lyric tenor and heldentenor.

In Mannheim, Cox developed continuously, starting with the Italian roles to the heroic tenor roles. His repertory included: Rodolfo, Duca, Radames, Calaf, Max, Otello, Florestan, Wagner roles, ...

In 1977, the city of Mannheim appointed Cox as Kammersänger. Later in his career, Cox changed to character roles. In 1989, he sang Captain Vere at the National Theatre. In 1996 he took, at the age of 74, his last performance as Aegisth.

Already in 1956, he first appeared at the Bayreuth festival as Steuermann in Der fliegende Holländer. From 1967 to 1975, he sang there every year: Lohengrin (1967, 1968), Stolzing (1968–1970, 1974, 1975), Parsifal (1968, 1973), Erik (1969), Siegfried (1970–1975). In later years, Cox sang in 1978 as Siegfried (Siegfried), in 1983 Siegfried (Götterdämmerung) and again in 1984 as Stolzing.

Often, Cox saved a performance at the last minute avoiding a cancellation.

Guest appearances
In 1961, he sang at the Bregenz festival (in Fra Diavolo and in the operetta Die Trauminsel by Robert Stolz) and at the São Carlos in Lisbon (Pylade in Iphigénie en Tauride).

From 1963 to 1977, Cox sang regularly at the Vienna State Opera. He made his debut there on October 23rd, 1963 as Bacchus. He appeared in 75 performances, including Bacchus, Apollo, Turiddu, Števa, Sergej (Lady Macbeth Mtsenskogo uezda), Hoffmann, Erik, Lohengrin, Stolzing, Parsifal, Siegmund, Siegfried (Siegfried), Italienischer Sänger and Tristan. His last appearance was as Bacchus on January 18th, 1977.

He sang at the Vienna Volksoper (December 1963 as Carlo Moor in Masnadieri, and Sándor Barinkay), at the Hamburg State Opera (regularly 1958–1973), at the Lyric Opera in Chicago (1964, 1970 and 1973 as Bacchus, Siegfried and Erik), the festival of Aix-en-Provence (1966 Bacchus), the Bavarian State Opera (1967, and in 1969 as Siegfried), at the Opéra in Paris (1971 and 1972 as Siegmund), at Covent Garden (1975, debut as Siegfried), at La Scala (1975 as Siegfried) and at the Met (April 1976, Stolzing).

Cox was married to the opera singer Anna Reynolds. His retirement was spent in a small village near Bayreuth. There, he taught singing together with his wife.

Reference 1
Reference 2: Kutsch & Riemens
Jean Cox sings Die Verlobung in San Domingo: O Herr, mir ist, als müsste ich auslöschen, with Helen Donath

Jean Cox sings Ariadne auf Naxos: Bin ich ein Gott, with Régine Crespin, Rachel Yakar, Sonja Draksler and Marie Thérèse Debliqui
In RA format

Jean Cox sings Die Walküre: Winterstürme wichen dem Wonnemond (2)
In RA format

Jean Cox sings Die Walküre: Winterstürme wichen dem Wonnemond (1)
In RA format

Jean Cox sings Der fliegende Holländer: Mit Gewitter und Sturm
I would like to thank Tom Silverbörg for the recording (Holländer).
I would like to thank Richard Boijen for the pictures (Parsifal & Lohengrin).

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