Giorgos Chatziloukas

or Giorgio Lucà


Giorgos Chatziloukas (also transliterated as Yorgos and as Hatziloukas, respectively) was one of the first internationally known Greek tenors after the famous Giovanni Apostolou. During his Italian career (1901–1908), he used the stage name Giorgio Lucà.

He was born in Athens in 1876 and died in 1919. He made his debut as Rodolfo in La bohème on 13 April 1900 in the Ellinikon Melodrama (Greek Melodrama or Greek Opera, the very early opera company of Athens, organized and directed by the Greek composer Dionysios Lavrangas). After his debut in Athens, he was chosen to create the role of Kostas in the world premiere of Dyo adelfoi (Two brothers), an opera by Dionysios Lavrangas. Later he sang La favorite and Rigoletto in Piraeus.

Unfortunately for Chatziloukas, in 1901, the tenor Nikos Moraïtis (1880–1938) obtained the main tenor roles at the Ellinikon Melodrama.

Chatziloukas went to Italy and in April 1901 made his debut at the Teatro Carignano of Turin, as Alfredo in La traviata. He sang at the Politeama Genovese in 1902 as the Duke in Rigoletto. He sang later in Oneglia, Milan, Naples, Genova, Parma, Varese, Perugia, Savona and other Italian cities. However he never sang at the great Italian theaters, such as La Scala (Milan), Costanzi (Rome), San Carlo (Naples), La Fenice (Venice) or Regio (Parma).

In 1908, Chatziloukas returned to Greece and continued singing in Athens, Thessaloniki, Cyprus and other places until 1918.

On 19 April 1909 in Athens, he created the role of Aeneas in Dionysios Lavrangas' opera Dido.

He died from a very bad case of influenza (or according to other sources, from Dengue fever), on 16 January 1919 in Athens, at only 42 years old.

Giorgos Chatziloukas sings To oneiron (Papageorgiou)

Athens, Municipal Theater (Ellinikon Melodrama)
La bohème
14 April

Dyo adelfoi (Two brothers) (Dionysios Lavrangas) (world premiere): 
    Kostas  Vakarellis (bar),  Mihalis Vlachopoulos (bass)
24 April

Piraeus, Municipal Theater 
La favorite: Athena Rousaki (ms), Kostas Vakarellis (bar)
3 December
Rigoletto: Maria Taddolini (s), Kostas Vakarellis (bar)
7 December

Torino, Teatro Carignano
La traviata

Genova, Politeama Genovese

Oneglia, Teatro Umberto I°
29 December

Oneglia, Teatro Umberto I°
Cavalleria rusticana

Varese, Teatro Sociale
L'elisir d'amore
I puritani

Cittadella, Teatro Sociale

Milano, Società Luce e Ombra
I travolti (Amato) (world premiere): Elisa Leveroni (s), Antonietta 
    Benci (s), Alessandro Niccolini (bass)
This was a wildly weird enterprise: The Società Luce e Ombra (Light and Shadow Club) was an association of spiritists of a rather more extreme variety, and two of them, the Amato brothers, claimed to have been the vehicles for ghosts writing an opera libretto and the respective partition. The libretto was, as the president of the association proudly announced, better than anything by Boito or Illica, and the music was quite up to it. What a pity that this stroke of genius, sorry: of spirit, is completely forgotten and most probably even lost!
Reference: Luce e Ombra. Rivista mensile illustrata di scienze spiritualiste, no. 10 and 11/1903
Perugia, Teatro Morlacchi
I puritani
27 (or 28) July


Athens, Municipal Theater
Concert (arias included Che gelida manina, O soave fanciulla)
25 September

Smyrna, Cocoli Theater
Titles unknown

Faliro, New Greece Theater

Athens, Olympia Theater
La traviata
La bohème
Il barbiere di Siviglia

İstanbul, International Theater
La traviata

Athens, Odeon (Conservatory of Athens)
Concert (arias from Mefistofele, Fedora, I puritani, Tosca, Pêcheurs de perles) 
    (with Miss Lymberopoulou, Mrs. Georgantopoulou and Mr. Ioannis Tzoumanis)
25 September

Athens, Municipal Theater (Ellinikon Melodrama)
La bohème: Anderson (s)
30 December

Athens, Municipal Theater (Ellinikon Melodrama)
La bohème
3 April

Athens, Municipal Theater (Ellinikon Melodrama)
Dido (Dionysios Lavrangas) (world premiere)
19 April

Athens, Municipal Theatre (Ellinikon Melodrama)
La bohème: Eleni Vlachopoulos (s), Giannis Angelopoulos (bar), Mihalis 
    Vlachopoulos (bs), Herc. Oikonomides (bar)
29 October

Athens, Municipal Theatre (Ellinikon Melodrama)
Faust: Paschalides (bs)
31 October

Cyprus (Larnaka and Nikosia)
Recitals (with Giannis Konstantinides, piano)

Athens, unknown venue
Concert (with Miss Giannarou, soprano and Timotheos Xanthopoulos, piano)
3 March

Athens, Olympia Theater (Ellinikon Melodrama)
Il barbiere di Siviglia: Giannis Angelopoulos (bar), Mihalis Vlachopoulos (bs)
11 June


Thessaloniki, unknown venue (Ellinikon Melodrama)
Il barbiere di Siviglia: Lela Perpinia (s), Giannis Angelopoulos (bar), 
    Mihalis Vlachopoulos (bs)
3 May

22 May

23 May

La favorite: Dolores Frau (ms)
24 May

Il barbiere di Siviglia: Lela Perpinia (s), Giannis Angelopoulos (bar), 
    Mihalis Vlachopoulos (bs)
10 June

For many years it was thought that Giorgio Lucà had sung at the Metropolitan Opera 
in New York during the 1907/1908 season, under the name of George Lucas. It has been 
demonstrated that the singer who sang at the Metropolitan was a French tenor, according to 
the New York Times of 19 November 1907: "George Lucas who will make his debut in the small 
role of the Abbé de Chazeuil, is a French tenor who made his debut at Geneva in 1898, 
and he has sung at Paris, Bordeaux, Nice, Lyon, Marseille, Antwerp, and New Orleans." 
Born 1868, Lucas sang at the Paris Opéra, with his wife Julia Lucas, in 1899/1900. Most of their careers took 
place in France. Suddenly Lucas was singing minor roles in New York (Met) and Philadelphia. After that, both 
of them seem to have disappeared. 
Therefore, the Greek tenor Giorgio Lucà never sang in the United States.
The author gratefully acknowledges Dr. Nicholas A. Peppas, Greek researcher, who kindly revised the draft of this work and made corrections and generously provided very important information concerning this now forgotten Greek tenor.
Juan Dzazópulos
November 2011

Fonotipia, Milano, 26 March 1906
xPh1730       To oneiron (Papageorgiou)                                 39580
xPh1731       Ela pame eis ta xena (Kokkinos)                           39596

Fonotipia, Milano, 27 March 1906
xPh1732       Pes mou ti eho stin kardia (Rodios)			39581
xPh1733	      Pembasmos (Rodios)                                        unpublished
xPh1734       Markos Botsaris (Carrer): O gero dimos 			39582
xPh1735       To tsobanopoulo (Kokkinos)	                        39583
xPh1736       Petalouda (Kokkinos)                        		39584
xPh1737       Epistepsa  (Lambelet)                         		39585
xPh1738       Matia pou den vlepoun (Papageorgiou)                      39586
xPh1739       To magemena tis filia (Papageorgiou)                      39587

Fonotipia, Milano, 14 November 1907
xPh2873	      Il barbiere di Siviglia (Rossini): Ecco ridente in cielo	unpublished
xPh2874       Giati? (Xanthopoulos)                       		62146
xPh2875       Anamnisis tis Smyrnis (Xanthopoulos)			62145
xPh2876       Sta xena (Leonardos)                                      62144
xPh2877       Agrypia (Kokkinos)					62293
xPh2878       Tin ora ti stegni (Milanakis)				62189
xPh2879       Efyges (Maurogenis)					62147

Fonotipia, Milano, 14 December 1907
xPh3018       Son la villa solitaria (Tilasi)				unpublished

Fonotipia, Milano, 18 December 1907
xPh3036       Apohorismos (Lambelet)					62292
xPh3037       L'elisir d'amore (Donizetti): Una furtiva lagrima		62297
xPh3042       Mefistofele (Boito): Dai campi, dai prati			62296
xPh3043       I puritani (Bellini): A te, o cara			unpublished
Source for the discography: Gesellschaft für historische Tonträger, Wien
Photo (left): courtesy of Stathis Arfanis
Photo (right): Roberto Marcocci's website

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